At AZ Dyslexia Center, our Reading Therapists use a variety of programs, techniques, and methodologies in each dyslexia therapy session. This means every program we use is evidence based. The programs we utilize fall under the Orton-Gillingham Instruction methodology. You may have heard this called structured literacy.
“Orton-Gillingham is an instructional approach intended primarily for use with persons who have difficulty with reading, spelling, and writing of the sort associated with dyslexia. It is most properly understood and practiced as an approach, not a method, program, system or technique. In the hands of a well-trained and experienced instructor, it is a powerful tool of exceptional breadth, depth, and flexibility. The essential curricular content and instructional practices that characterize the Orton-Gillingham Approach are derived from two sources: first from a body of time-tested knowledge and practice that has been validated over the past 70 years, and second from scientific evidence about how persons learn to read and write; why a significant number have difficulty in doing so; how having dyslexia makes achieving literacy skills more difficult; and which instructional practices are best suited for teaching such persons to read and write.” -Academy of Orton-Gillingham Practitioners and Educators
Samuel Orton was an American neuro-psychiatrist and pathologist who initially studied adults with brain damage but went on to study children with reading disabilities. He made the startling discovery that children being referred to him as retarded (because of their struggle with reading) had normal or even above average IQ Scores. As early as the 1920s, Orton helped pioneer the concept of multi-sensory teaching which integrates kinesthetic (movement), tactile (touch), visual and auditory learning into the reading process. For example, having students write in the air or trace oversize letters, while simultaneously saying the names and sounds of the letters.
Ann Gillingham brought her educational ideas to life by developing a detailed multi-sensory reading program for students. Based on her knowledge of language structure, GIllingham literally wrote the Orton-Gillingham manual which included the systematic and explicit teaching of sounds (phonemes), prefixes, suffixes and roots (morphemes) and common spelling rules.
At AZ Dyslexia Center, we use several different programs so each student’s instruction best matches the student’s needs. The following list is a sample of the areas in which we focus:
- Phonemic Awareness
- Sight Words
- Reading Comprehension
- Writing Composition
- Study Skills
- Auditory Discrimination
- Latin and Greek Roots
Wilson Reading System
Visualize and Verbalize